The fall of the Berlin Wall was much more than just an interesting historical event. It marked a key change-point in our human narrative. In times past, we humans have needed clearly identified “evil others” in order to have a sense of social identity. The wall fell with remarkable rapidity, and less because of the efforts of leaders than because past animosities has stopped being compelling. Culturally mature leadership with regard to war and peace requires a newly sophisticated relationship to human differences. It must take us beyond the black and white world of “chosen-people/evil-empire” thinking and help us better make sense of both our common humanity and the richness of our differences.






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